Achievement Testing: Recent Advances (Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences)

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This kind of study illustrates the use of mixed methods to explain qualitatively how the quantitative mechanisms might work. Develop survey instruments. Yet another mixed methods study design could support the development of appropriate quantitative instruments that provide accurate measures within a PCMH context.

Qualitative Research : How Do I Social Science?

This exploratory sequential design involves first collecting qualitative exploratory data, analyzing the information, and using the findings to develop a psychometric instrument well adapted to the sample under study. This instrument is then, in turn, administered to a sample of a population.

For example, a PCMH study could begin with a qualitative exploration through interviews with primary care providers to assess what constructs should be measured to best understand improved quality of care. From this exploration, an instrument could be developed using rigorous scale development procedures DeVellis, that is then tested with a sample.

In this way, researchers can use a mixed methods approach to develop and test a psychometric instrument that improves on existing measures. Use qualitative data to augment a quantitative outcomes study. An outcomes study, for example a randomized, controlled trial, with qualitative data collection and analysis added, is called an embedded design. Within this type of an outcomes study, the researcher collects and analyzes both quantitative and qualitative data.

The qualitative data can be incorporated into the study at the outset for example, to help design the intervention ; during the intervention for example, to explore how participants experience the PCMH model ; and after the intervention for example, to help explain the results.

In this way, the qualitative data augment the outcomes study, which is a popular approach within implementation and dissemination research Palinkas, Aarons, Horwitz, et al. Involve community-based stakeholders. A community-based participatory approach is an example of a multiphase design.

This advanced mixed methods approach involves community participants in many quantitative and qualitative phases of research to bring about change Mertens, The multiple phases all address a common objective of assessing and refining PCMH models.


This design would involve primary care providers and staff, patients, and other providers and individuals in the community in the research process. Key stakeholders participate as co-researchers in a project, providing input about their needs, ways to address them, and ways to implement changes. These five research designs apply mixed methods approaches to evaluations of PCMH models.

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The literature details their procedures, illustrates the flow of activities through the use of shorthand notation, and reflects on strengths and limitations. Compares quantitative and qualitative data. Mixed methods are especially useful in understanding contradictions between quantitative results and qualitative findings. Fosters scholarly interaction. Such studies add breadth to multidisciplinary team research by encouraging the interaction of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods scholars.

Provides methodological flexibility. Mixed methods have great flexibility and are adaptable to many study designs, such as observational studies and randomized trials, to elucidate more information than can be obtained in only quantitative research. Collects rich, comprehensive data.

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Mixed methods also mirror the way individuals naturally collect information—by integrating quantitative and qualitative data. For example, sports stories frequently integrate quantitative data scores or number of errors with qualitative data descriptions and images of highlights to provide a more complete story than either method would alone. Mixed methods studies are challenging to implement, especially when they are used to evaluate complex interventions such as a PCMH model.

Below we discuss several challenges. Increases the complexity of evaluations. Mixed methods studies are complex to plan and conduct. They require careful planning to describe all aspects of research, including the study sample for qualitative and quantitative portions identical, embedded, or parallel ; timing the sequence of qualitative and quantitative portions ; and the plan for integrating data.

Quantitative Research Methods

Achievement Testing: Recent Advances (Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences) [Asaac I. Bejar] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Achievement Testing: Recent Advances (Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences) by Isaac I. Bejar () [Isaac I. Bejar;] on

Integrating qualitative and quantitative data during analysis is often a challenging phase for many researchers. Relies on a multidisciplinary team of researchers. Conducting high-quality mixed methods studies requires a multidisciplinary team of researchers who, in the service of the larger study, must be open to methods that may not be their area of expertise.

Finding qualitative experts who are also comfortable discussing quantitative analyses and vice versa can be challenging in many environments. Given that each method must adhere to its own standards for rigor, ensuring appropriate quality of each component of a mixed methods study can be difficult Wisdom, Cavaleri, Onwuegbuzie, et al.

Provides students with skills for designing educational research, including identifying a problem, reviewing literature, formulating hypotheses, designing studies, selecting participants, selecting or constructing measures, making valid inferences, writing reports. Foundations of statistical methods for research producers.

Covers sampling methods, descriptive statistics, standard scores, distributions, estimation, statistical significance testing, t-tests, correlation, chi-square, power and effect size using SPSS for Windows and computation.

Achievement Testing: Recent Advances (Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences)

Prerequisite: EDUC and Prerequisite: None. Includes factorial analysis of variance ANOVA , planned comparisons, post hoc tests, trend analysis, effect size and strength of association measures, repeated measures designs. Consideration of alternative strategies in research design and comparison of research designs. Prerequisite: EDUC Includes bivariate regression, multiple regression with continuous and categorical independent variables, regression diagnostics, interactions, orthogonal and nonorthogonal designs, selected post hoc analyses, logistic regression.

Computer analysis using SPSS for Windows, conceptual understanding, and applications to educational research are stressed. Covers survey research from item writing and survey development to sampling, administration, analysis and reporting. Emphasizes applications and interpretations in educational and social science research and use and interpretation of statistical software for survey research.

These courses will provide theoretical and conceptual foundations along with techniques for evaluating social programs, specifically for education and human services. Methods to conduct needs assessments and process, outcome, and impact evaluations will be included in this applied sequence. Activities will include designing, implementing, and reporting on a social program evaluation.

Series: Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences

During the first term students will design an evaluation with a specified client and conduct the evaluation during the second term. Prerequisite: EDUC or equivalent. The course focuses on the analysis of evaluation data. Topics include issues that arise in program evaluation contexts including alternative research designs e.

Theory and practice of mixed and multiple inquiry methodologies in applied research, assessment and evaluation. Includes history and philosophies of mixed inquiry, a framework for mixed method design and analysis, analytic strategies, selected examples and challenges.

Students should have basic familiarity with such topics as experimental or survey research quantitative and constructivist or interpretivist qualitative social science. Principal components analysis, theory and method of common factor analysis, extraction, rotation, and estimation methods. Applications to instrument development and validation of measures. Use and interpretation of statistical software. Introduction to multilevel modeling and hierarchical data structures, random and fixed effects, intercepts and slopes as outcomes models, estimation, centering, emphasis on two level models, use and interpretation of statistical software.

Advanced topics in multilevel modeling and hierarchical data structures including three level models with random and fixed effects, longitudinal models, multilevel models for binary and categorical outcomes, applications in IRT and meta-analysis. Includes covariance structures, path diagrams, path analysis, model identification, estimation, and testing.


Emphasis in the first quarter is on measurement models and confirmatory factor analysis as well as the use of invariance testing of measurement models. Emphasis in the second quarter is on structural and latent variable models, including cross-validation, mean structures, comparing groups and models, latent growth curve analyses. Seminar introduces advanced students to current research designs and controversies, statistical analysis techniques, and computer applications. Topics will vary by quarter; may be repeated for credit. In depth consideration of current issues in quantitative research methods and research designs.

Intended to provide a deeper understanding of educational research with an emphasis on principles of research design and their use in applied research. Topics covered include internal, external and construct validity; experimental and nonexperimental designs; longitudinal designs; sampling methods; control of confounding; multilevel designs; standards and ethics. Advanced methods for analysis of discrete data.

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Topics covered include log-linear, logit, probit, latent class and mixture models, and other generalized linear models. Description and statistical inference for contingency tables, dichotomous and polytomous measures; log-linear and other generalized linear models for two or more dimensions; testing goodness of fit, estimation of model parameters, hierarchical model fitting, diagnostics.

The course is designed to introduce students to secondary data analysis and the use of data from national and other databases. Existing data sources will be explored. Topics covered will include complex sample designs, weighting, design effects, imputation, multilevel data structures. Students will conduct a research project using an existing data base.

This course is designed to provide structured consultation and applications for advanced graduate students. Other college courses in measurement and assessment may need to be considered and added here. Focus on validity theory as defined in the Joint Test Standards. Discussion of validity situated in a historical context to provide students with a better understanding of the social framework of decision-making, use, and interpretations of assessment results.

Experience and practice in instrument development across a range of instrument types achievement, aptitude, psychological, personality, etc.

Current topics and issues in measurement, assessment, and testing including scaling, standard setting, item and scale analysis, bias and fairness, DIF, equating, norming, using assessments for decisions and policymaking. Concepts situated in both classical and item response theory.

Test development topics will include construct representation, alignment to curriculum and instruction, and domain and skill sampling.